Med In Ethiopia - Insider


Гео и язык канала: Эфиопия, Английский
Категория: Медицина


A Medical lnformation Hub for Health Care Workers and Students
Contact Admin @MedInEthio


Гео и язык канала
Эфиопия, Английский
Категория
Медицина
Статистика
Фильтр публикаций


🟡 Metabolic acidosis

🔸The buildup of acid in the body due to kidney disease or kidney failure is called metabolic acidosis. It's either not getting rid of enough acid, is making too much acid, or cannot balance the acid in your body.

🔸A healthy kidney can keep the right balance of acids in the body. The kidneys do this by removing acid from the body through urine. This happens when the kidneys are unable to remove enough acid from the blood.

Signs and symptoms

✅Long and deep breaths
✅Fast heartbeat
✅Headache and/or confusion
✅Feeling very tired

🔸Bicarbonate therapy for metabolic acidosis is recommended at an arterial pH varying from as low as 6.9 to as high as 7.2. It is suggested that bicarbonate therapy be given at pH 7.0 but that this target pH be a guide that is variable depending on clinical setting.

#shortnotes

@medinethiopiainsider


The University of Toronto is accepting applications for the Lester B. Pearson Scholarship 2023.

Every year, 37 outstanding undergraduate students from all over the world are awarded the University of Toronto Scholarship.

Application deadline November 30, 2022
Financial Coverage Fully Funded

👉 Details and application

@medinethiopiainsider


🟡 Respiratory acidosis

🔸Respiratory acidosis is a condition that occurs when the lungs cannot remove all of the carbon dioxide the body produces. This causes body fluids, especially the blood, to become too acidic.

Causes
✅asthma
✅chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
✅pneumonia
✅sleep apnea

Symptoms of respiratory acidosis
✅breathlessness
✅headache
✅wheezing
✅anxiety
✅blurred vision

🔸Blood gas measurement- Blood gas is a series of tests used to measure oxygen and CO2 in the blood.
🔸Electrolytes measurement- One or more of the electrolytes will be higher or lower than usual in people with acid-base disorders like respiratory acidosis.

Treatment
✅Bronchodilator medicines and corticosteroids to reverse some types of airway obstruction.
✅Noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation (sometimes called CPAP or BiPAP) or a breathing machine, if needed.
✅Oxygen if the blood oxygen level is low.

#shortnotes

@medinethiopiainsider


What is the most common cause of postpartum haemorrhage?
Опрос
  •   Retained placenta
  •   Uterine rupture
  •   Vulval or vaginal lacerations
  •   Uterine atony
181 голосов


Government of the Czech Republic Scholarships are now open for Masters and Ph.D. programs.

The program is fully funded and available for citizens from Bosnia, Herzegovina, Ethiopia, Georgia, Cambodia, Moldova, Ukraine, and Zambia.

Application deadline September 30, 2022
 
Financial Coverage Fully Funded

👉 Details and application

@medinethiopiainsider


Heinrich Boll Foundation Scholarships 2022- 2023 in Germany

This scholarship will grant around 1400 scholarships to international students to undertake studies in Germany for courses starting in April or October.
 
Application deadline Varies

Financial Coverage Fully Funded

👉 Details and application

@medinethiopiainsider


Sub-Saharan Africa Virtual Fair

Want to study in the US?

Register for this virtual fair to connect with 100 US Colleges and Universities from 35 states.

For Graduate Students Friday October 7, 2022

For Undergraduate Students Saturday October 8, 2022

Time: 1:00 to 3:00 PM GMT

👉 Register Here

@medinethiopiainsider


Melbourne University in Australia has finally opened its Scholarship Portal for 2023.

600 Graduate Scholarships are open to international students in all fields of study including Health related programs.

This scholarship is open to study a Master’s and a PhD Degree Program

Application deadline 31st October 2022

Financial Coverage Fully Funded

👉 Details and application

@medinethiopiainsider


Lifebuoy in collaboration with WeCare Digital Health and other stakeholders has organized the annual H for hand washing campaign to be held throughout October 2022 within multiple schools in Ethiopia in an effort to reach and educate more than 950,000 students in more than 20 cities.

We are looking for enthusiastic residents, general practitioners and medical interns.

Certificate of gratitude and daily allowance will be given to volunteers

👉 Register Here

@medinethiopiainsider


🟡 Bipolar disorder

🔸 Bipolar disorder, formerly called manic depression, is a mental health condition that causes extreme mood swings that include emotional highs (mania or hypomania) and lows (depression).

🔸 When the patient become depressed, they may feel sad or hopeless and lose interest or pleasure in most activities. But when their mood shifts to mania or hypomania (less extreme than mania), they may feel euphoric, full of energy or unusually irritable. These mood swings can affect sleep, energy, activity, judgment, behavior and the ability to think clearly.

#shortnotes

@medinethiopiainsider


Continuing Medical Education Webinar

Ethiopian Medical Association is inviting you to a Medical Education Webinar

Topic: Community-Based Education
Date and time: Sept 16, 2022 03:00 PM
CEU Credits: 1.5

👉 Register Here

@medinethiopiainsider


🟡 Hyperthyroidism and Hypothyroidism

🔸Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) occurs when your thyroid gland produces too much of the hormone thyroxine. Hyperthyroidism can accelerate body's metabolism, causing unintentional weight loss and a rapid or irregular heartbeat.

Treatments include anti-thyroid medications and radioactive iodine to slow the production of thyroid hormones.

🔸Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid) is a condition in which the thyroid gland doesn't produce enough of certain crucial hormones.

Hypothyroidism may not cause noticeable symptoms in the early stages. Over time, untreated hypothyroidism can cause a number of health problems, such as obesity, joint pain, infertility and heart disease.

#shortnotes

@medinethiopiainsider




GIST SCHOLARSHIPS FOR GRADUATE STUDENTS TO STUDY IN SOUTH KOREA

Application deadline October 15, 2022.

Financial Coverage Fully Funded

👉 Details and application

@medinethiopiainsider


🟡Types of arterial occlusion P-2

🔸Compression of this artery causes damage to the arterial wall. Damage to the inner wall can cause scar tissue and stenosis (narrowing of the artery). In contrast, damage to the full thickness of the wall can result in an aneurysm (focal ballooning of the artery).

🔸Vasculitis involves inflammation of the blood vessels. The inflammation can cause the walls of the blood vessels to thicken, which reduces the width of the passageway through the vessel.

🔸Subclavian steal phenomenon (or syndrome) originates from severe stenosis or occlusion of the proximal subclavian artery resulting in the reversal of blood flow in the ipsilateral vertebral artery (VA) to perfuse the limb.

🔸Hyperviscosity syndrome occurs when blood thickens and doesn't flow freely through blood vessels. Without treatment, this condition could lead to severe complications, including reduced blood flow to the vital organs.

#shortnotes

@medinethiopiainsider


🟡Types of arterial occlusion P-1

🔸Arterial thrombosis are mostly caused when an artery is damaged by atherosclerosis. Fatty deposits build up on the walls of the arteries and cause them to harden and narrow.

🔸An embolism is the lodging of an embolus, a blockage-causing piece of material, inside a blood vessel. The embolus may be a

✅blood clot (thrombus)
✅fat globule (fat embolism)
✅bubble of air or other gas (gas embolism)
✅amniotic fluid (amniotic fluid embolism), or foreign material.

🔸A coronary artery spasm is a temporary tightening (constriction) of the muscles in the wall of one of the arteries that sends blood to your heart. A spasm can decrease or completely block blood flow to part of the heart.

🔸Atheroma is the medical term for the buildup of materials that adhere to arteries. Among others, these include:

✅fat
✅cholesterol
✅calcium
✅connective tissue
✅inflammatory cells

This buildup (also known as atherosclerotic plaque) can accumulate over time.

#shortnotes

@medinethiopiainsider


FRIEDRICH NAUMANN FOUNDATION SCHOLARSHIPS

Applications for the Friedrich Naumann Foundation Scholarships are currently being accepted. This scholarship aims to support international students willing to study a Master’s degree or PhD degree in any field.
Application deadline October 31,2022

Financial coverage

📌 Masters 850 euros/month
📌 Doctorate up to 1200 euros/month 📌 Health insurance allowance

Must have a B2-level German language skills

👉 Details and application

@medinethiopiainsider


Which of the following features is NOT typical for Graves disease?
Опрос
  •   Hyperplasia of the follicles
  •   Scalloping of the colloid
  •   Irregular shaped follicles
  •   Infiltration of mononuclear cells into retro-orbital connective tissues
  •   Extensive infiltration of the mononuclear cells into the thyroid parenchyma
110 голосов


🟡 Cystic fibrosis

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an inherited disorder that causes severe damage to the lungs, digestive system and other organs in the body.

Cystic fibrosis affects the cells that produce mucus, sweat and digestive juices. These secreted fluids are normally thin and slippery. But in people with CF, a defective gene causes the secretions to become sticky and thick. Instead of acting as lubricants, the secretions plug up tubes, ducts and passageways, especially in the lungs and pancreas.

Although cystic fibrosis is progressive and requires daily care, people with CF are usually able to attend school and work. They often have a better quality of life than people with CF had in previous decades. Improvements in screening and treatments mean that people with CF now may live into their mid- to late 30s or 40s, and some are living into their 50s.

#shortnotes #cysticfibrosis

@medinethiopiainsider


Which of the following sentences best describes meconium?
Опрос
  •   A green stool.
  •   The first stool passed by a child.
  •   The first stool after introduction of feeds.
  •   The first stool when a child has been fully weaned.
  •   The first stool after introduction of wheat.
198 голосов

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